Americans Impacted by Natural Disasters
Identifying those who have experienced nature's destructive power
The majority of these events have occurred in Texas. As of 2014, there were an estimated 1,564,501 veterans living in Texas, approximately 28% of whom reported having a disability. The state temporarily exempts residents who do not have access to their identification “due to certain natural disasters” from showing identification to vote.
Americans who are considered low income are more likely to live in areas that are more susceptible to natural disasters, and even with assistance from FEMA, “poor households affected by storm damage will likely confront the consequences for years to come.” A recent study of disasters from in the U.S. from 1920 to 2010 found that poverty rates increased by 1% in areas hit by “super-severe disasters,” which “suggests that people who aren’t poor are migrating out or that people who are poor are migrating in. It might also mean that the existing population transitioned into poverty.” Accordingly, natural disasters "shake up socioeconomic norms in affected regions, causing those who are able to move to relocate to more stable, safer areas, while those who do not have the means to leave remain.”
The process of replacing documentation and government-issued photo ID varies from state-to-state.